Although they were no strangers to 4×4 systems, (the Land Cruiser had been the market-leading 4×4 for nearly 25 years) for their first competition-based four-wheel drive car the system was developed by Xtrac, a company that at the time was known for making bespoke transmissions for top-flight rallycross cars.

93% original 86 MR2. I never had any idea this car existed so thank you Petrolicious for bringing this article out in the open.

From the summer of 1975—when Hannu Mikkola took his underpowered Corolla Levin to victory in the Finnish forests—until Luis Moya put his helmet through the rear window of his Corolla WRC 300 meters away from the 1999 world championship, Toyota has had a huge presence in the WRC.

With a mid-mounted transverse engine and the gearbox mated to it, the 222D was most similar in configuration to the Peugeot 205 T16. Show full articles without "Continue Reading" button for {0} hours.

The front section features a traditional opening bonnet (hood) which also includes an extractor for the radiator. In our article on the history of the Toyota MR2 we briefly mentioned the 222D.

Some of the resulting vehicles had a peak power of more than 600 hp and accelerated to 62 mph in under three seconds, even on sand, gravel or snow. An AWD MkII MR2 would be a huge one-off effort. Toyota never made one, and I suspect that this fellow didn't spend the tens of thousands it would have cost to make it happen.

For obvious commercial reasons the projected Group S rally weapon would take on the image of Toyota’s brand new mid-engine sports car at the time: the MR2.

Company bosses had no intention of paying large amounts of money for useless cars of course, so each of the 11 222Ds made were ordered to be scrapped.

There were prototypes with longitudinally and transversely mounted engines. It took me a long time to find the old parts but now there are no more. The white car, which is 50 mm longer with looks closer to a road version, is said to reside in Tokyo.

Tipping the scales at just 750kg, it … According to Toyota, 222D shared running gear with the then-in-progress Celica GT-Four, which itself debuted in 1986 and eventually became Toyota's WRC entrant two years later. The entire rear section can be folded up to get to the engine and rear suspensions more quickly. The Engineer Behind Ford's RS200 Rally Car Gave It The Future The Factory Never Could, There Would Be No Audi Quattro Without The Dakar-Winning Volkswagen Iltis.

Afterwards, Toyota’s adventure in the WRC would forcefully shift with the now legendary Group A Celica GT-Four (All-Trac) which was coincidentally developed alongside the 222D in the same TTE workshop. If any more go I will have to replace them with something else.”.

(learn more). A total of eleven examples were produced, all of which differed from each other. Group B was ditched in the summer of ’86, so with another 18 months of development the 222D would have undoubtedly been a match for its rivals, especially with drivers of the calibre of Kankkunen and Waldegård working on it. A body kit alone, of course, isn't enough to turn an MR2 into a 222D; extensive drivetrain work would be necessary to transform one of these mid-engined marvels into a faithful replica. In more recent times, a black 222D made a surprise appearance at the 2007 Goodwood Festival of Speed, performing a limited speed exhibition run up the hill.

i love driving sports cars very much. MR2 222D AWD. The main protagonist however was the 2140cc “503E”, also known as the “3S-GT”, turbocharged four-cylinder engine taken directly from Toyota’s LeMans Group C sports prototype. We may earn a commission through links on our site. From the end of 1984 onwards, rumors persisted that the FIA was working on the regulations for the successor category Group S, which was to become even wilder and freer. So what should Toyota do with the prototype fleet? In place of the 1.6-litre engine and rear-wheel drive set-up of the MR2, the 222D adopted the turbocharged 2.0-litre four-cylinder motor of Toyota's planned ST165 Celica GT-Four, along with a five-speed manual transmission. If you look at the TCT and the GT-4 that came at the end of 1988, it doesn’t take much to imagine that with Kankkunen and Waldegård at the helm it would have been a legendary racer rather than just a mythological one. MR2 W10 Interior, nothing short of 80s. The only Toyota production car to even come close to the 222D was the supercharged MR2 of 1988, which only produced 145 horsepower. 1 in Japan (white) and 1 in Germany (black). In the 1980s, Group B in the World Rally Championship developed into the wildest category of motorsport. 2 exist currently. The semi-gloss paint of the black prototypes helps to bring out the car’s bold lines in a very striking manner. Still, it would have been cool to see Toyota have a real competitor in this golden age of rally. More importantly, this engine was also featured in Rod Millen’s 1994 Pikes Peak Celica – beating Ari Vatanen‘s 1988 record made with the mighty Peugeot 405 turbo 16. I decided to make a replica of the Toyota 222D based on a Toyota MR2 (aw11). A pair of black 222Ds were also displayed at the 2016 Eifel Rallye Festival in Germany for the special 30th anniversary of Group B’s ultimate year (1986) but did not participate in the exhibition rally stages. This would give the 222D the nickname of “The Black Monster”. A reminder of what might have been, had the Group S regulations made it off the drawing board. ustvnowapp, I really enjoy seeing or learning something about a car or cars that I’ve not known before and this is such a case. The 222D Rally Car

So, hobbled with inherent unreliability issues, the 222D will always be a “what if” car, and because history went with the production-based Group A instead of the more radical Group S, we’ll never know just how good it could have been.

Different variants with five or six gears were also tried out for power transmission, and in addition to three rear-wheel drive cars, eight were also built with four-wheel drive.

In 1985, the announcement of the Group S class with its mere 10  units to be produced convinced Toyota to join the madness. 06.04.2020. Fortunately, at that time there were two vehicles in Europe for testing and one for show in Japan, all of which were moved aside by responsible employees and thus saved from destruction. This new….

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Practically ready to race when the FIA put the kibosh on Group B (and its planned successor, Group S), the turbocharged, all-wheel-drive super-MR2 was left with nowhere to compete, forcing Toyota to shelve the 222D and relegate the project to a sad footnote in racing history. Toyota designed a torque split mechanism that would've allowed it to swap between either as stages demanded. To learn much more about the history of Group S, please CLICK HERE! Lancia was also well on its way with the similarly designed Delta S4. This was a great article for me as I can… Read more », The MR2-Based Toyota 222D Was The Group S Weapon That Never Was, The Eifel Rally Festival in the little town of Daun, Germany is an absolute dream for historic rally car fans, and a few years back in 2016, to mark the 30, anniversary of their banning, 64 monstrous Group B cars were brought together for the biggest gathering of the fabled supercars since their mid-‘80s heyday.

Unfortunately, the project was canceled after just ten prototypes were completed, leaving us only to wonder what Toyota's all-wheel drive MR2 could have accomplished.